The foremost essential and also the very basic features of English Grammar are the parts of speech. They’re something without which our grammar lessons are incomplete.
These basic parts of speech assist students to frame their sentences in grammatically and structurally correct form and also improve their fluency of the language.
Yet they are not that easy as they seem to be. Students struggle to crack the exact answers for the questions based on these parts of speech and frequently require help in homework. Nonetheless, they are not even that difficult to understand or crack if you practice diligently. So, the following are the eight parts of speech in English Grammar:
Noun is defined as the name of a person, place, animal, or thing. This is the first lesson that is taught to a student while he or she learns grammar. It is also used to refer to abstract as well as collective ideas. The following are the types of nouns:
These nouns are used to refer to unique people or things. The things that are one of a kind in the entire universe are called proper nouns.
For example, the Taj Mahal, the Statue of Liberty, the Sun, Mercury, Peter, and the like, are all proper nouns.
The Earth goes around the Sun.
These nouns are used to refer to common things or persons. For example, girls, boys, animals, cities, etc. But if we single out a girl like Maya then that becomes a proper noun.
There were many animals in the zoo.
These nouns are used to refer to ideas or feelings like love, hate, hope and the like.
The teacher had all hope that the students would not require any help in homework.
These nouns are used to refer to a group of things. For example: a swarm of bees, a bouquet of flowers, etc.
Her mother brought her a bunch of bananas.
The repeated use of a noun time and again in a sentence, affects the readability of the sentence, thus pronouns are used in place of nouns so that these nouns don’t have to be mentioned may times in a sentence. The examples of pronouns are he, she, it, they, etc. The types of pronouns are:
- Possessive Pronoun: These pronouns indicate your possession of something. It is indicated by the use of words like mine, his, hers, their, etc.
This book is mine.
- Reflexive Pronoun: These pronouns are used to emphasize another noun or pronoun. For example myself, herself, etc.
She did the Homework Help USA herself.
- Demonstrative Pronoun: These pronouns are used to refer to, point to, or identify other nouns or pronouns. For example this, that, those, etc.
This is the house they lived in.
- Relative Pronoun: These pronouns introduce a subordinate clause or an adjective clause. For example: who, which, whom, etc.
He is the man whom you were asking for.
A doing word is called a verb. Therefore verbs are all the action words. They are used as helping verbs as well, at certain places. Verbs are used in accordance with the subject preceding it. For example, The girl goes to school.
The boys were playing cricket. (here where is used as a helping verb)
Sometimes the helping verbs themselves become the only verb in the sentence.
He is too small for the tournament.
An adjective describes the quality of a noun or a pronoun that follows it and hence is said to modify them. The types of adjectives are:
- Demonstrative: demonstrates the type of noun
These are the watches that we found last night.
- Adjective of Quality: what is the quality of the noun or pronoun
The mangoes are good.
- Adjective of Quantity: what is the quantity of the noun or pronoun
There were many players on the ground.
- Adjective of Number: what is the number of noun and pronoun
He ran around the field fifty times, as punishment.
- Interrogative: the adjective asks questions
Where were you last night?
- Possessive: this adjective shows possession.
These bags are theirs.
Adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. The following are the types of adverbs:
- Adverb of Frequency: denotes the number of times the action is performed or occurs. For example: often, always, seldom, etc.
He always goes to the stadium.
- Adverb of Manner: denotes the way a particular action was performed. For example: happily, cheerfully, madly, etc.
He danced cheerfully in the rain.
- Adverb of Time: denotes when the action was performed or had occurred. For example: now, yesterday, tomorrow, etc.
She did not go to school yesterday.
The prepositions indicate the position of a noun or a pronoun. For example: on, under, in, from, etc. the phrase carrying the prepositions, followed by nouns or verbs, is called prepositional phrases.
The bag was kept on the table.
The ladder lay beside the wall.
A conjunction is a joining or a connecting word, which is used to establish a link between two or more sentences. For example: and, but, so, because, etc.
I ate a burger. I ate pizza. – I ate a burger and pizza.
Do you want tea? Do you want coffee? – Do you want tea or coffee?
They are words that are used to express emotions and are followed by an exclamation mark. For example: Wow!, Hurray!, Alas!, etc.
Alas! The old man is dead.
Hurray! We have won the match
Therefore if you understand these basic explanations for the parts of speech, you will be easily able to crack your homework answers and get through even the most difficult of questions. Remember, the grammar rules are important when you sit down to write something as easy as an essay as well or something as difficult as research work.
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